Key Indicators 


The purpose of a licensing indicator system is to increase the efficiency and effectiveness of an existing licensing system by refocusing the emphasis of the licensing process. It is intended to complement, and not replace, an existing licensing measurement system.

Key Indicator Systems (KIS) identify a subset of regulations from an existing set of regulations that statistically predict compliance with the entire set of regulations.

Key Indicator Resources

Studies and Projects

Key Indicator Studies

  • Colorado, 2014 - This study analyzed Colorado's quality rating system, the Qualistar Rating, for generating key indicators. Read the full study.
  • Georgia, 2014 - Validation of Georgia's process for determining if state-regulated child care facilities are compliant with basic state health and safety requirements. Read the full study.
  • Oregon, 2013 - This study provided Oregon's OCC with a basic risk factor analysis comparing its child care center rules to Stepping Stones (SS) standards. Read the full study.

Key Indicator Projects 

  • Washington, 2019 - 2020
    FocusLicensing Measures and Outputs Validation Study for the Department of Children, Youth, and Families Child Care
    Project Activities:  Validation of the measurement strategy used to determine the licensing decision making for child care centers and family child care homes; Validation of the licensing system in juxtaposition to the program quality measures (ERS & CLASS) as part of their QRIS – Quality Rating and Improvement System. Read the full report.
  • Saskatchewan, Canada, 2019 - 2020
    Focus: Key Indicator study and Weighted Risk Assessment study for the Ministry of Education in the Province of Saskatchewan

    Project Activities: Key Indicator study as well as trends in regulatory compliance; Home-based Weighted Risk Assessment.  Read the full Key Indicator reportRead the full Weighted Risk Assessment report. Read the full CCC/FCC Validation Study Report here.
  • Minnesota, 2019
    Focus: Family Child Care Key Indicator Study for Minnesota Department of Human Services Licensing Division

    Project Activities: Key Indicator Data Analysis.  Read the full report.
  • Indiana, 2018 - 2019
    Focus: Key Indicators for the Family and Social Services Administration, Office of Early Childhood and Out of School Learning

    Project Activities: Focus Groups; Survey & Data Collection; Statistical Analysis; Indicator Work Tools & Manual; Training.  Read the full report.
  • Montana, 2016 - 2017
  • Focus: Development of Key Indicators for Department of Public Health and Human Services
    Project Activities: Statistical Analysis; Policy Development; Staff Training; Stakeholder Meetings.  Read the full report.
  • Michigan, 2016 - 2017
    Focus: Development of Key Indicators for licensed child care and group homes and registered family homes
    Project Activities: Data Collection & Analysis; Policy Development; Work Tools and Instruction Manual; Staff Training; Stakeholder Meetings; Pilot Program; Statewide Implementation. Read the full report.
  • Ontario, 2015 - This project outlined recommended methodology for developing an abbreviated inspection tool; a tiered licensing approach to child care licensing. Read the full report.
  • Illinois, 2013 - 2014
    Focus: Development of a Weighted Licensing and Key Indicator System
    Project Activities: Determination of Eligibility Criteria; Data Collection & Analysis; Identification of Additional Factors; Development of Indicator Work Tools & Instructional Manual; Staff Training; Stakeholder Meetings. Read the full report.
  • Head Start, 2013 - This project provided the Office of Head Start (OHS) Key Indicators for their Head Start Performance Standards. Read the full study.
  • Kansas, 2012 - 2013 
    Focus: Develop a Key Indicator System
    Project Activities: Data Capacity Building and Analysis; Policy Development; Stakeholder Meetings. Read the full report.
  • Washington, 2011 - This project provided Washington's Department of Early Learning a differential monitoring process to ensure efficiency while keeping children in licensed safe care. Read the full study.